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PostPosted: Fri Oct 26, 2007 5:32 am Reply with quoteBack to top

We all know that Vidura , the wisest counsel in the Kingdom of Dhridhirashtra.

Hear are few things what he said to mankind.


(Vidur says to king Dhritarashtra that wife, son and servant do not have the authority over the wealth, they earn because they themselves are under the authority of Husband, Father and Master respectively).

(One who takes away others wealth by deceit, developed intimacy with women other than his own wife and abandons a kind and gentle friend is doomed)

(KAAMA (LUST), KRODHA (ANGER) AND LOBHA (GREED) must be shunned by a man as these three destroy the AATMA (soul) and are the three doors of the Hell)

(The joys of getting a boon, acquiring a state and birth of a son even if combined cannot match the joy of being released from the ruthless clutches of an enemy)

(Resolution made to realize god, influence of an intelligent person, humility of a learned person and annihilation of the sinners give instant results)


(Vidur says to Yudhishtir that one must not take secret advice from an intelligent, a procrastinator, a man who is always in hurry and a false admirer. These four are worth abandoning for an emperor. A learned man must recognize these people)

(Vidur says to Dhritarashtra " O King, Goddess Laxmi showers blessings on such homes where senior most member of the family is protected, where a high caste man fallen in bad times, a money-less friend and a childless sister are given refuge and shelter)

(Whether one has or does not have wealth, he must be hospitable to his friends. One should never demand anything from their friends, trying to examine their worthiness)


(Sorrow destroys beauty (Roopa), Power (Balaa) is destroyed by SANTAAPA (sorrow), GYAN (KNOWLEDGE) is destroyed by sorrow. Due to sorrow, man becomes diseased (ROGI))
(One does not get aspired things by mourning about it, it only causes pain to the body and ones enemies rejoice. Hence your heart should be free of sorrow)
(Everyone undergoes the cycle of Joy- Sorrow, creation-destruction, gain-loss and life-death one by one. Hence a DHEERA (patient) man must not either be happy for them or mourn for them)


(An alert man should never visit such a man's home during the evenings who is untrustworthy. He should not try to hide himself at the cross road, in the night as there is a chance of getting caught and he should not try to acquire that woman in which the king is interested as there is a certainty of persecution)


(The following eight qualities increases the SHOBHA (splendour) of a man- BUDDHI (intelligence), KULINTAA (nobility), SHASTRAGYAAN-knowledge of scriptures, INDRIYANIGRAHA (control of the senses), PARAKRAMA (Bravery), Little talk, charity according to his ability and KRITAGYATAA (gratefulness)
(One who takes his bath daily increases his BALA (power), ROOPA (beauty and splendour), gets sweet voice, becomes fairer, achieves KOMALTAA (tenderness), SUGANDHA (fragrance), PAVITRATAA (purity), SHOBHA (splendour) and SUKUMARATAA (delicacy)

(One who has food moderately has the following six advantages, not only is he healthy, gets long life (AAYU), strength (BALA) and HAPPINESS (SHUKHA), but also his children are blesse with beauty and no one makes fun of him for eating too much)


(After giving birth to a son, clearing all their debts, managing a means of earning a livelihood for them, then after arranging the marriages of his daughters, he should lead the life of a recluse in the forest)


(One who does not believe in KALYAAN (benediction) done by others because of his disbelief in himself keeps his friends away and undoubtedly is an ADHAM (mean) man.)
(One who wants his own advancement must do service UTTAM (supreme, best) quality man, If situation so arises, he can also do service to the MADHYAMA (medium) man, but he must never serve an ADHAMA (mean) man)

(Destroying wealth concerned with the deities, stealing a Brahmin's wealth and dishonouring him makes the highest caste, a KOOLA and mean (ADHAMA)

(The nature of a wicked man is restless (CHANCHAL) like the clouds, all of a sudden, they become angry and happy without any apparent reason)


(Just as clothes can be coloured in whichever colour, one wishes, similarly if a man serves a SAJJANA (gentleman), ASSAJANA (evil man), TAPASVI (an ascetic) or an evil, he gets influenced by each of them that is man is influenced by the company he keeps)


(Neither use foul language on others nor show disrespect to him. Never have enmity with MITRA (friends) and never do a SEVA (service) to a NEECHA (degenerate man), never be lacking in SADAACHAAR, morality and arrogant (ABHIMAAN). Shun dry and angry speech (VAANI))


(A forest even if pierced with arrows and cut with the axe flourishes again but a wound caused by bitter speech never heals)

(The VACHANA (SPEECH) is like a BAANA (ARROW). Both of them hurt the heart of a man, as a result of which, the man who has been hurt is badly affected day and night. Hence a learned man should be cautious while speaking)


(One who tells a lie to acquire gold, sends all his past and future generations into hell. One who tells a lie to acquire BHOOMI (land) and STHREE (woman) looses everything and is doomed)


(Gold is tested in the fire for identification. A virtuous man is identified by his SADAACHAAR (morality). A sage (SAADHU) is identified by his VYAVAHAAR (behaviour). A brave man is identified in BHAYA (fear) that is in dangerous and challenging situation, a DHEERA (patient) man is identified when he is confronted by economic problems, enemies and friends are identified in difficult and trying times)


(Poor (Daridra) people always have tasty food because the intensity of hunger in them is greater than the rich people. On the contrary, rich people, inspite of having all the varieties of food lack hunger)
(Vidur says to king Dhritarashtra that O king, in this world, the rich people do not have the power of hunger whereas the poor people can digest even a piece of wood that is hunger is directly related to physical activities)

(The lowest type of people fear the absence of means of earning their livelihood, the medium type fear death but the highest type fear disgrace and dishonour)

Devarajan Mathan-
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